ORIFLAMMS @ Leeds IMC 2013 = Digital Pleasures

Sous le titre Digital Pleasures, une série de sessions organisées par Jinna Smit, Jan Burgers, Sébastien Barret et Dominique Stutzmann a exposé les méthodes d’analyse de l’écriture et de l’édition de texte.

Ces sessions ont connu un succès inattendu, avec un public très supérieur à la capacité de la salle et des personnes assistant debout aux présentations et au débat. Elles ont été sponsorisées par le Groupement de Recherche ‘Diplomatique’ (GDR 3177-CNRS), APICES (Association Paléographique Internationale, Culture, Ecriture, Société) et Cap Digital.

Plusieurs grands thèmes ont été abordés dans ces sessions : automatisation de l’identification de mains et de la datation (interprétation, degré d’automatisation possible) ; datation et attribution par les allographes (Petros Samara, S. Brookes) ; ergonomie et rôle du chercheur ; web de données.

Une nouvelle collaboration pour le projet Oriflamms a été décidée : l’Université de Valencia, en Espagne, enverra deux de ses étudiants auprès du LIRIS en juillet ! D’autres travaux et collaborations sont entamées avec L. Schomaker pour tester le GIWIS sur de nouveaux corpus.

Le projet Oriflamms a été très bien représenté sur place : dans ces sessions, évidemment, par Alexey Lavrentev et moi-même, mais aussi, dans une autre session par Vincent Debiais et Estelle Ingrand-Varenne (session 508).

Programme

Session 530

Digital Pleasures, I: Pleasing the Paleographer? – Examples of Automatic Writer Identification

Tuesday 2 July 2013: 09.00-10.30

Moderator/Chair: Georg Vogeler (Zentrum für Informationsmodellierung in den Geisteswissenschaften, Karl-Franzens-Universität, Graz)

Paper 530-a. Jinna Smit. GIWIS Revisited, or Why It Keeps Getting Better: Handwritings of Chancery Clerks of the Count of Holland, 1299-1345
Paper 530-b. Lambert Schomaker. The Groningen Intelligent Writer Identification System: Do Try This at Home!
Paper 530-c. Benedikt Hotz. Annotating, Describing, and Analysing: Digital Writer Identification in Medieval Papal Documents – Changes and New Chances for Paleographical Methods
Paper 530-d. Vincent Christlein. A Letter Driven Writer Identification in Medieval Papal Charters

Since a few years, paleographers are experimenting with automatic writer identification. Test results clearly show that software can be used to analyze medieval handwritings. This session aims at showing researchers the promises and limitations of working with these digital tools. The papers are presented by paleographers and computer experts as the expertise of both sides is needed to make reliable writer identification software.

Session 630

Digital Pleasures, II: Tools for Dating and Describing Script

Tuesday 2 July 2013: 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair: Jan Burgers (Huygens ING – KNAW (Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen), Den Haag / Universiteit van Amsterdam)

Paper 630-a. Petros Samara. Constructing a Medieval Palaeographic Scale
Paper 630-b. Jean-Paul van Oosten. Word Image Retrieval from Historical Handwritten Document Collections: The Monk System
Paper 630-c. Stewart J. Brookes. Answers and Questions: Digital Approaches to Dating Medieval Script

The time-honoured scholarly discipline of paleography has recently been rejuvenated by the digital technology. This offers innovative ways of interrogating and interacting with medieval script, opening up new possibilities for the study of scripts, scribes, and manuscripts, and even tackling the difficult aspect of dating and locating a script of unknown provenance. In this line of research, computer expertise and traditional paleography work in close collaboration.

Session 730

Digital Pleasures, III: Diplomatics and Editorial Practices in the 21st Century
Tuesday 2 July 2013: 14.15-15.45
Moderator/Chair : Dominique Stutzmann (Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris)

Paper 730-a. Rosemonde Letricot. Scholarly Data and Linked Data: A Challenge for Medievalists
Paper 730-b. Sébastien Barret. Cluniac Charters in the Monumenta Palaeographica Medii Aevi: How an Edition Project Gets Old-Fashioned and Tries to Catch Up
Respondent : Georg Vogeler (Zentrum für Informationsmodellierung in den Geisteswissenschaften, Karl-Franzens-Universität, Graz)

Much has been said and written on text edition, and maybe even more on its modern, digital forms. That new technologies allow dramatic developments in the shaping and dissemination of medieval text has become a commonplace. Yet, much remains to be explored, in both the technical and epistemological aspects of the subject. The present session focuses on how these changes are causing not only evolutions in the editorial techniques, but also shifts in the fundamental approaches to editing documents and in the positioning of text editions within historical practices and discourses.

Session 1030

Digital Pleasures, IV: Scholarly Editions, Data Formats, Data Exploitation
Wednesday 3 July 2013: 09.00-10.30
Moderator/Chair : Sébastien Barret (Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Orléans)

Paper 1030-a. Francesco Stella. Databases versus Encoding: Which Methods for Which Results?
Paper 1030-b. Jean-Baptiste Camps. Detecting Contaminations in a Textual Tradition: Computer versus Traditional Methods
Paper 1030-c. Alexey Lavrentev. Text Encoding and Annotation Formats in the BFM Old French Corpus

Between the documents and the published results of historical research, there are several steps, in which the textual edition may (or may not) be involved. Historians have to define and constitute their ‘sources’ as such, and the process of analysis is divided in multiple stages. The first analysis is done in encoding and formatting the data (e.g.reading, understanding and expanding abbreviations, identifying persons and places); a second step may intervene in submitting this data to different sorts of transformations or (semi-) automatized analysis, whose results still have to be (humanly) interpreted. This session will explore the links between data formats, data exploitation, tools, and results of historical research.

Session 1130

Digital Pleasures, V: Automated Text Recognition, Text Annotation, and Scholarly Edition in the 21st Century
Wednesday 3 July 2013: 11.15-12.45
Moderator/Chair : Sébastien Barret (Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Orléans)

Paper 1130-a. Matthieu Bonicel, From Codex to Touchscreen: Why Ergonomics Is an Issue in Textual Scholarship
Paper 1130-b. María José Castro-Bleda. Human or Computer Assisted Interactive Transcription
Paper 1130-c. Dominique Stutzmann. Building the Ontology of Medieval Written Signs: New Horizons for Palaeography

Computer assisted transcription tools can speed up the initial process of reading and transcribing texts. At the same time, new annotation tools open new ways of accessing the text in its graphical form. The balance and value of each method still needs to be explored. This session focuses on how research and developments in computer science can benefit most the human sciences (is transcribing a human assisted computer system or a computer assisted human process?) and how enhanced ergonomics may change the landscape of textual scholarship and palaeography.


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