Oriflamms @ Leeds: histoire de l’écriture, histoire de l’art et travaux pratiques

On a pu dire que la paléographie numérique comprenait plus de numérique que de paléographie. Le dernier congrès de Leeds a montré que les « paléographes numériques » n’oublient pas l’histoire de l’écriture. Avec deux sessions organisées par les partenaires d’Oriflamms (appel à communication) et la participation aux tables rondes, les discussions dans les sessions d’épigraphie et les communications dans d’autres sessions ont fait de Leeds un grand congrès de paléographie et épigraphie « traditionnelles » : deux sessions d’épigraphie (Medieval Epigraphy, 213 et 313), deux sessions de paléographie, y compris épigraphique (Empire of letters, 1213 et 1313). L’épigraphe était aussi représentée par la session 121 (Coining and Sealing Empire in the Middle Ages), où parlait Florence Codine, porteuse du projet PIM (Police pour les inscriptions monétaires). La paléographie numérique était, quant à elle, bien représentée par nos amis de DigiPal, qui montraient les réalisations et développements de l’infrastructure et l’application à d’autres corpus et d’autres paléographies (session 1537).

La grande rencontre de l’épigraphie et de la paléographie a permis aux équipes d’Oriflamms d’affiner et améliorer le schéma d’encodage pour les inscriptions médiévales pour les points non traités par Epidoc. Bientôt de nouveaux corpus disponibles au format XML !

 Session 213 – Medieval Epigraphy, I: Emperor’s and King’s Death – Epigraphic Approaches

Organisatrice : Flavia De Rubeis (Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia)

Modératrice : Estelle Ingrand-Varenne, Centre d’Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (CESCM), Université de Poitiers / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

Franz-Albrecht Bornschlegel, Commemoration of Emperors in the Imperial City of Augsburg at the Border from Medieval to Modern Times

Marida Pierno: Culti ed Epigrafi: Epigraphic Productions during the Pontificates of Paschal I, 817-824 and Paschal II, 1099-1118

Popes and Emperors appear with frequency in medieval epigraphic practices. They can appear as the sponsors or the subjects of the inscriptions in a lot of epitaphs. The first session dedicated to medieval epigraphy would like to focus on the paleographic and linguistic aspects of imperial and papal funerary inscriptions in order to determine whether they present some specific ‘imperial’ forms. What kind of Empire can be seen through these epitaphs? By studying how popes and emperors used the epigraphic objects, the three papers presented in this session will deal with the commemorative and symbolic aspects of medieval inscriptions.

Session 313 – Medieval Epigraphy, II: Epigraphic Practices in Carolingian and Post-Carolingian Empires

Organisateur : Antonio Enrico Felle (Università degli Studi di Bari)

Modérateur: Franz-Albrecht Bornschlegel (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)

Flavia De Rubeis : Before the Carolingian Empire: The Early Medieval Italian Epigraphs, 600-800

Daniel Rico Camps : Versus per singulos titulos ecclesiarum et altaria singula dictavimus: Carolingian Epigraphic Ambition

Flavia Frauzel : The Carolingian Graphic Reform in Italy: Effects on Epigraphy

Medieval inscriptions are usually studied in the frameworks of national or local editing projects. It allows a quick publication of an important number of texts but one lacks a global view of some cultural phenomena which can have let their print in medieval epigraphic practices. The second session dedicated to medieval epigraphy would like to explore one of these complex notions: the graphic implications of Empire in the inscriptions. We all know that consequences had the Carolingian reform on paleographic choices in 9th and 10th centuries. What about inscriptions? Can we draw imperial spaces thank to the study of epigraphic texts? The papers of this session will try to answer that question by studying inscriptions from different regions (Spain, Italy, France).

Session 1213 – Empire of Letters I

Cap Digital / APICES / Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris

Organisateur : Dominique Stutzmann, Institut de Recherche et d’histoire des Textes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris

Modérateur : Vincent Debiais, CESCM/IRHT

Estelle Ingrand-Varenne : The ‘Empire’ of Capitals in Medieval Inscriptions, France, 8th-15th Centuries

Diego Belmonte Fernández : The ‘Empire of Letters’: Textualis and Cursiva in Pragmatic Manuscripts of Sevilla’s Cathedral, 13th-15th Centuries

Dominique Stutzmann : Theocracy in Writings? The Notion of Liturgical Gothic Script

Script is not a neutral communication medium. Scripts were particularly used throughout the Middle Ages to stage the idea of Empire, power and domination. Well known examples are the litterae caelestes in the late Antiquity, the papal curialis, the litterae elongatae. And the scriptural domain is an Empire in itself with its coherence and history, with its own kingdoms, counties and lordships at war for influence. Connotations and innovations, influences or political pretentions to the Empire reflect the claim of a distinct ‘imperium’, used to distinguish different hierarchies and spheres of action and power. This session explores the wars and borders: Capitalis vs. Minuscule in Epigraphy (Ingrand-Varenne), Textualis vs. Cursiva in Pragmatic Writing (Belmonte Fernández) and in Liturgical Books (Stutzmann).

Session 1313 – Empire of Letters II: The Essence of Script

Sponsor : Cap Digital / APICES / Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris

Organisateur : Vincent Debiais, Centre d’Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (CESCM), Université de Poitiers / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

Modérateur : Dominique Stutzmann, Institut de Recherche et d’histoire des Textes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris

Cécile Treffort : Carolingian Parallel Scripts: The Silent Rebellion of Scribes

Sébastien Barret : Tamed Tigers?: Charters and the Empires of the Script

Script is not a neutral communication medium. Scripts were particularly used throughout the Middle Ages to stage the idea of Empire, power, and domination. Well known examples are the litterae caelestes in the late Antiquity, the papal curialis, the litterae elongatae. And the scriptural domain is an Empire in itself with its coherence and history, with its own kingdoms, counties and lordships at war for influence. This session explores the graphical strategies and the use of script for revealing and concealing: revealing the mastery of inscription makers and hiding the message (Treffort), revealing the legitimacy and hiding the differences (Barret), revealing the knowledge and deprecating the art of memory (Virenque). This session will also explore how to analyse connotations and influences in order to correctly interpret artefacts.

Session 1521 – Images and Artifacts in Imperial Constructions

Sponsor: Art-Hist: Researches on Artistic Creation from Late Antiquity to Modern Times, www.art-hist.blogspot.com

Organisateur : Daniel Rico Camps, Departamento de Arte, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona

Modératrice : Estelle Ingrand-Varenne, Centre d’Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (CESCM), Université de Poitiers / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

Laura Cayrol Bernardo: The Life and Afterlife of Sancha Raimúndez: Soror imperatoris domni Adefonsi

Anne-Orange Poilpré : Dreaming of Empire through Images: Charles the Bald’s Psalter, 842-869

Vincent Debiais : ‘A Certain Idea of Empire […]’: Metalwork Inscriptions and Images from Aachen

In this session, the Art-Hist project would like to explore topics dealing with ‘Imperial images and shapes: historical and historiographical approaches’ and try to answer some questions: Does imperial art exist during the Carolingian or Ottonian Empire? How can it be defined? What can recall or evoke, in medieval works of art, the idea or concept of Empire? How does this principle of evocation work in artistic creation? How did emperors use these forms or images to build their own power and history?


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